EL ZEMPOALTEPETL corazón espiritual Mixe

EL ZEMPOALTEPETL  corazón espiritual Mixe

Oaxaca is the spiritual reserve of Mexico. Not only because its mountain ranges have been a natural wall against the invader and the foreign predator.

Or because the treasure of our most essential identity is kept in its bowels.

 

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YAATE : EL CERRO DE LA CENIZA. (YAATE: THE ASH HILL)

YAATE : EL CERRO DE LA CENIZA. (YAATE: THE ASH HILL)

In the heart of the Sierra Norte of Oaxaca, there is a small town where the West Sierra Madre joins the Easter Sierra Madre, also known as "Mixtec knot".

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THE SIERRA NORTE MOUNTAINS

THE SIERRA NORTE MOUNTAINS

The Sierra Norte, known as La Sierra Juarez, is a mountain range that runs parallel to the Gulf of Mexico, from the State of Nuevo Leon and as it narrows forms the waist of the nation in Oaxaca, almost joins with the Sierra Sur, mountain chain which runs down from Alaska parallel to the Pacific Ocean and in Oaxaca is called "Mixtec knot".

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SANTA MARÍA TLAHUITOLTEPEC

SANTA MARÍA TLAHUITOLTEPEC

In the heart of the mountains of Oaxaca, it is one of the most significant populations of the state, in terms of music and culture. Pulsating center of the most intimate affairs of Mixe peoples mixes and holder of the heritage and tradition.

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OAXACA HOUSE OF CULTURE

OAXACA HOUSE OF CULTURE

One of the oldest houses of culture in the country. It was founded in the year of 1971. It is located in the former convent of our Lady of the seven princes or Los Angeles.

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Capulalpam de Méndez

Capulalpam de Méndez

Capulalpam de Méndez

The northern Sierra of Oaxaca is an exceptional place. A real niche, not only ecological and natural beauties, but mainly by its human and cultural wealth. But one of the unsurpassable "jewels" of this corner of the State is without a doubt Capulalpam de Mendez.

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Centro cultural San Pablo

Centro cultural San Pablo

Centro cultural San Pablo

The San Pablo Academic and Cultural Center is located in the heart of the historic center of the city of Oaxaca in what was part of the former convent of San Pablo, colonial building which dates from the 16th century, but by the telluric movements constantly wagging Oaxaca has had many modifications.

 

The purpose of the Cultural Center is "valuing the multicultural, mostly indigenous, heritage of Oaxaca and Mexico".

 

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ATZOMPA THE NEW ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

ATZOMPA THE NEW ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

ATZOMPA THE NEW ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

The valleys of Oaxaca are the spiritual of the Mexico reserve, because in her tectonic depths beats the flowered heart of our ancient grandparents, those who dedicated their lives, generation after generation, searching for spiritual transcendence of existence.

.

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THE TREASURE OF THE SEVENTH TOMB OF MONTE ALBAN

THE TREASURE OF THE SEVENTH TOMB OF MONTE ALBAN

THE TREASURE OF THE SEVENTH TOMB OF MONTE ALBAN

On January 9, 1932, archaeologist Alfonso Caso, his wife, María Lombardo and a small group of archaeologists and workers, made one of the most important discoveries of Mexican Archaeology insofar as it relates to a finding of gold in quantity and quality.

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The central valleys

Amid a sea of mountains, the Central Valley system seems like an island of flat land surrounded by huge stone waves moved slowly by an immense storm of telluric forces.

 

Since prehistoric times, the central valleys were occupied by animals and later by "homo sapiens". There is evidence of their presence in the Valle de Tlacolula, whether in caves or cave paintings. The oldest remains of human evolution in the State are located in this Valley, which one day ago million years had large lakes. Today researchers are corroborating through archaeological finds, that human groups initiated the transformation of the teozintle into maize, at least ten thousand years ago. If this surprising finding is confirmed, it would turn out that the Anahuac civilization would be as old as Egypt or Mesopotamia and Oaxaca would be the birthplace of corn.

 

Zea perennis, the perennial teosinte, is a true grass species in the genus Zea and a teosinte. It is one of the two perennial species in the genus Zea.

 

In the Central Valley districts are the districts of: Centro, Ejutla, Etla, Ocotlán, Miahuatlán, Tlacolula, Zaachila and Zimatlán (* the part that is above the Valley).

 

The valleys are most propitious part for agriculture; however, atomization of land property is one of the major problems for intensive exploitation. The land has been divided many times between families, so although all valleys are cultivated, it is done individually in small plots.

 

The majority of peoples produces handicrafts, directly or indirectly, some communities have become famous producers, but they are usually supplied by others, either with manufactured goods or raw materials. People are very attached to their traditions and customs. The sense of community and solidarity remains present and current in their traditions and customs. Most of the communities are of the Zapotec lineage, although there are also Mixtec villages in the valleys.

 

The best known villages are: the city of Oaxaca, Tlacolula, Etla, Miahuatlán, Ejutla, Mitla, El Tule, Mazatlan, Teotitlan del Valle, Zimatlan, Santo Tomás Jalietza, Tlacochahuaya, San Martín Tilcajete, Santa Ana del Valle, San Agustin, Cuilapan, San Antonino Castillo Velasco, San Bartolo Coyotepec, San José del Mogote, Atzompa, Arrazola, Huayapam, Nazareno Etla, Reyes Etla, Cacaotepec, Soledad Etla, San Miguel Peras, Santa Cruz Mixtepec , San Pablo Huixtepec, Aldama Ayoquezco, Santo Domingo Tomaltepec, San Pedro Quiatoni, Santa Cruz Papalutla, Santo Domingo Albarradas, to name the most important.

 

The climate is temperate and has an average yearly temperature of 22° C. Atoyac river crosses it to the Pacific Ocean with the name of Rio Verde. The central valleys are surrounded by the Sierra Norte, Sierra Madre del Sur and the Mixteca mountainous region. This block of mountains, is also known as "El Mixteco knot".

 

Characters from the región are: General Porfirio Díaz, CD. de Oax. 1829. José Vasconcelos, CD. de Oax. 1881. Rufino Tamayo, CD. Oax. 1899. Rodolfo Morales, Ocotlán 1925. Matias Romero, CD. Oax. 1837. Rodolfo Nieto, CD. de Oax. 1937. Jorge l. Tamayo, CD. Oax. 1912. Pbto. José Antonio Gay, CD. Oax. 1833. Casilda "the horchatera" (Casilda Flores Morales)

ATZOMPA THE NEW ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

Written by Guillermo Marin on .

The valleys of Oaxaca are the spiritual of the Mexico reserve, because in her tectonic depths beats the flowered heart of our ancient grandparents, those who dedicated their lives, generation after generation, searching for spiritual transcendence of existence.

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